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UNRIC Library Newsletter - October 2016

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UNRIC Library Newsletter - October 2016
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New UN websites & publications

UN in General


United Nations Day - 24 October 2016
UN Day Posters



New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants
English, French & Spanish:
With more people forced to flee their homes than at any time since World War II, world leaders came together at the United Nations on 19 September to adopt the New York Declaration, which expresses their political will to protect the rights of refugees and migrants, to save lives and share responsibility for large movements on a global scale.

Q&A: The New York Declaration is a ‘once in a lifetime chance’ for refugees (UNHCR, 30 September 2016):



António Guterres appointed next UN Secretary-General by acclamation
(UN News Centre, 13 October 2016):

Photo Story: António Guterres, the next United Nations Secretary-General

Note to Correspondents: UN Secretary-General-designate announces Transition Team (14 October 2016):

Further information:
UNRIC Library Backgrounder: Appointment of the Secretary-General – Selected Online Resources:



Habitat III - United Nations Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development, Quito, Ecuador, 17 – 20 October 2016
In Resolution 66/207 and in line with the bi-decennial cycle (1976, 1996 and 2016), the United Nations General Assembly decided to convene the Habitat III Conference to reinvigorate the global commitment to sustainable urbanization, to focus on the implementation of a New Urban Agenda, building on the Habitat Agenda of Istanbul in 1996.

HABITAT III: UN conference to set new urban development agenda creating sustainable, equitable cities for all (UN News Centre: 14 October 2016):


Delegates Handbook: Seventy-first session of the United Nations General Assembly



Leave No One Behind: A Call to Action for Gender Equality and Women’s Economic Empowerment; Report of the UN Secretary-General’s High-Level Panel on Women’s Economic Empowerment
The High-Level Panel (HLP) for Women’s Economic Empowerment presents its first findings to the UN Secretary-General at an event in New York on 22 September 2016, held in the context of the UN General Assembly. The HLP, created by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in January 2016, aims at placing women’s economic empowerment at the top of the global agenda to accelerate progress under the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
The report aims to draw attention to the challenges faced by the most disadvantaged women, to bring informal work from the margins to the mainstream, to highlight how discriminatory laws limit choice and to shed light on the centrality of unpaid work and care, which is one of the most pervasive and significant barriers to women’s economic empowerment.


United Nations Library Geneva – Research Guide - Multilingualism at the United Nations: Selected Resources

Peace and Security

Concept note for the Security Council briefing on the terrorist threat to civil aviation
English, French & Spanish:    
The Security Council held a briefing on 22 September 2016 on “Threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts”.  The Security Council President for September, New Zealand, has prepared this concept note.

Third report of the Secretary-General on the threat posed by ISIL (Da’esh) to international peace and security and the range of United Nations efforts in support of Member States in countering the threat (S/2016/830, 30 September 2016)
English, French & Spanish:

Economic and Social Development

Climate Change and Nuclear Power 2016 (IAEA)
This publication provides a comprehensive review of the potential role of nuclear power in mitigating global climate change and its contribution to other economic, environmental and social sustainability challenges. The report also examines broader issues relevant to the climate change–nuclear energy nexus, such as costs, financing, safety, waste management and non-proliferation. Recent and future trends in the increasing share of renewables in overall electricity generation and its effect on nuclear power are also presented.

The Cost of Air Pollution: Strengthening the Economic Case for Action (World Bank)
Report in English, Summary in English, French & Spanish:
This joint study of the World Bank and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) seeks to estimate the costs of premature deaths related to air pollution, to strengthen the case for action and facilitate decision making in the context of scarce resources. An estimated 5.5 million lives were lost in 2013 to diseases associated with outdoor and household air pollution, causing human suffering and reducing economic development. Those deaths cost the global economy about US$225 billion in lost labour income in 2013 and more than US$5 trillion in welfare losses, pointing toward the economic burden of air pollution.

Country readiness to monitor SDG 4 education targets: Regional survey for the Asia and Pacific region (UNESCO) 
This report provides a detailed analysis of regional survey results in the Asia and Pacific Region and examines the measurement challenges and countries’ readiness to monitor the new SDG 4 targets.

drivingDriving the Gender-Responsive Implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (UN WOMEN)
The CSW60 Agreed Conclusions laid out the strategy and road map for gender-responsive implementation of all Sustainable Development Goals. “Driving the Gender-Responsive Implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development” highlights the key messages and presents an analysis of the CSW60 Agreed Conclusions.

Ending Extreme Poverty cover dtls pgEnding Extreme Poverty: A Focus on Children (UNICEF / World Bank) 
This briefing note from the World Bank Group and UNICEF finds that children in developing countries are more than twice as likely as adults to live in extreme poverty. The briefing note finds that in 2013, 19.5 per cent of children in 89 countries were living in households that survived on an average of US$1.90 a day per person or less, compared to just 9.2 per cent of adults. Globally, almost 385 million children were living in extreme poverty.  

Free Prior and Informed Consent: An indigenous peoples’ right and a good practice for local communities; Manual for Project Practitioners
faomanualThe United Nations agricultural agency unveiled a new manual on 10 October 2016 that seeks to ensure that indigenous peoples, custodians of more than 80 per cent of global biodiversity, are able to freely give or deny their consent in development interventions that affect their natural resources or their way of life. The UN Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) Manual on Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) outlines essential steps that should be followed so that Indigenous Peoples are able to participate in a manner that is free of coercion and with the necessary information in a development project – from its design to sharing its achievements after it has been completed – prior to any decisions having been made.

Harnessing the Power of Data for Girls: Taking stock and looking ahead to 2030 (UNICEF)
harnessingAhead of the International Day of the Girl Child on 11 October 2016, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) released a report warning that the worldwide disparity between unpaid household chores assumed by girls aged five through 14 as compared to their male counterparts, amounts to 40 per cent more time – or 160 million more hours a day. The report underscores that the disproportionate burden of domestic work begins early, with girls between five and nine years old spending 30 per cent more time, or 40 million more hours a day, on household chores than boys their age. The gap grows as girls get older, with 10 to 14 year olds spending 50 per cent more time, or 120 million more hours each day. The report includes the first global estimates on the time girls spend doing household chores such as cooking, cleaning, caring for family members and collecting water and firewood. It also notes that girls’ work is less visible and often undervalued.     

HeForShe IMPACT 10x10x10 University Parity Report (UN Women) 
At the sidelines of the 71st United Nations General Assembly, UN Women unveiled on 20 September 2016 the first-ever HeForShe IMPACT 10x10x10 University Parity Report. In the groundbreaking report, 10 leading global universities lay out concrete commitments and begin charting their progress toward achieving gender parity. Launched in 2015, the HeForShe IMPACT 10x10x10 is an initiative that convenes ten Heads of State, ten global CEOs and ten University Presidents to fast-track gender equality in boardrooms, classrooms and world capitals.

Leave No One Behind: A Call to Action for Gender Equality and Women's Economic Empowerment (UNHLP)
The launch of this first report represents a major milestone for the work of the High-Level Panel on Women’s Economic Empowerment. Building on the objectives and directions that were agreed on during the inception meeting in March and the subsequent Panel meeting in Costa Rica, this report has drawn on the substantial and robust evidence about key issues, identified the fundamental drivers and principles, and delivered a call to action.

Nuclear Power and Sustainable Development (IAEA)
This publication explores the possible contribution of nuclear energy to addressing the issues of sustainable development through a large selection of indicators. It is a substantially revised edition relative to the 2006 information booklet in terms of structure and content. In the new edition, the sections are written in connection with the SDGs across the main dimensions of sustainable development: the economic, environmental and social dimensions.

Poverty and Shared Prosperity 2016: Taking on Inequality (World Bank)
inequalityThe Poverty and Shared Prosperity series provides a global audience with the latest and most accurate estimates on trends in global poverty and shared prosperity, as well as in-depth research into policies and interventions that can make a difference for the world’s poorest. The 2016 edition takes a close look at the role that inequality reduction plays in ending extreme poverty and improving the livelihoods of the poorest in every country. It looks at recent country experiences that have been successful in reducing inequality, provides key lessons from those experiences, and synthesizes the rigorous evidence on public policies that can shift inequality in a way that bolsters poverty reduction and shared prosperity in a sustainable manner. In doing so, the report addresses some myths about the global picture of inequality, and what works to reduce it.    

Progress at Risk: Inequalities and Human Development in Eastern Europe, Turkey, and Central Asia (UNDP)
progressatriskOne third of the Eastern European and Central Asian workforce performs precarious jobs that include informal and vulnerable jobs, while approximately $65 billion in illicit cash leaves the region annually, according to a new report launched on 12 October 2016 by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). The report finds that capturing even a small amount of the illicit funds that are leaving due to incorrectly invoiced foreign trade transactions would allow governments in Eastern Europe, Turkey and Central Asia to invest in job creation, expansion of social safety programs and close the gender gap.

Protecting cultural heritage: an imperative for humanity; acting together against destruction and trafficking of cultural property by terrorist and organized crime groups
protectingculturalheritageThere is an urgent need to enhance the protection of cultural heritage targeted by terrorists and illicit traffickers, according to the newly launched report of the global initiative "Protecting Cultural Heritage-An Imperative for Humanity" developed jointly by UNODC, UNESCO, INTERPOL and the Governments of Italy and Jordan in 2015. The report was presented on 22 September 2016 in parallel to the 71st session of the General Assembly in New York. The world is witnessing an unprecedented increase in terrorist attacks on, and destruction of, the cultural heritage of countries affected by armed conflict and organized looting, illicit trafficking and ransack of world heritage sites. Terrorist groups are using these acts as a tactic of war to intimidate populations and governments. In addition, these acts aim to generate income for terrorist groups across the Middle East and beyond, which is then used to support their recruitment and operational efforts.    
In order to address such threats more efficiently, the "Protecting Cultural Heritage-An Imperative for Humanity" initiative held a series of high level technical meetings in 2015 and 2016, which has led to a list of concrete actions, including, among others, a call for ratification and implementation of relevant international instruments, enhancement of the collection of data, strengthening the use of existing tools such as the INTERPOL database of stolen works of art, the WCO ARCHEO platform, all ICOM red lists, UNODC's knowledge management portal SHERLOC and UNESCO Database of National Cultural Heritage Laws.

The State of Broadband 2016: Broadband Catalyzing Sustainable Development (ITU/UNESCO) 
This report provides an update on progress towards the global targets of the ITU/UNESCO Broadband Commission for Sustainable Development and showcases the research and thought leadership of the Broadband Commission. It also provides a global snapshot of where the telecommunication/ICT industry stands with regards to fixed and mobile broadband deployment, affordability and usage, as well as the use of broadband for achieving development objectives. It will examine the use of new and upcoming technologies, such as 5G and the Internet of Things (IoT) for development.

Trade and Development Report 2016: Structural transformation for inclusive and sustained growth (UNCTAD) 
The report reviews recent trends in the global economy and focuses on the policies needed to foster structural transformation. It observes that global economic growth remains weak, growing at a rate below 2.5 per cent, and global trade slowed down dramatically to around 1.5 per cent in 2015 and 2016, compared to 7 per cent before the crisis.

World Economic and Social Survey 2016: Climate Change Resilience; an opportunity for reducing inequalities
Report in English, Overview in English, French & Spanish:
wess2016The World Economic and Social Survey 2016 contributes to the debate on the implementation challenges of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. In addressing the specific challenge of building resilience to climate change, the Survey focuses attention on the population groups and communities that are disproportionately affected by climate hazards. It argues that, in the absence of transformative policies which coherently address the economic, social and environmental dimensions of development, building climate resilience will remain elusive and poverty and inequalities will worsen. To the extent that the differential impact of climate hazards on people and communities is determined largely by the prevalence of multiple inequalities in respect of the access to resources and opportunities, policies aimed at building climate resilience provide an opportunity to address the structural determinants of poverty and inequality in their multiple dimensions.    

wssr2016World Social Science Report 2016, Challenging Inequalities – Pathways to a Just World (UNESCO)
The Report - launched on 22 September at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm - highlights significant gaps in social science data about inequalities in different parts of the world and, to support progress towards more inclusive societies, calls for more robust research into the links between economic inequalities and disparities in areas such as gender, education and health.   

Human Rights

The Conflict Did Not Bring Us Flowers: The need for comprehensive reparations for conflict-related sexual violence in Kosovo (UN WOMEN)
Reparations for conflict-related sexual violence remain a pressing issue in many parts of the world. The Conflict Did Not Bring Us Flowers brings the voices of survivors of sexual violence during the 1998-1999 armed conflict in Kosovo to the foreground, and proposes measures for the development of comprehensive reparations for survivors.

deathpaneltyDeath Penalty and the Victims (OHCHR)
This publication – launched on 21 September 2016 at the UN in New York - includes perspectives from a broad range of victims. While some of them are family members of crime victims, others are victims of human rights violations in application of the death penalty, of its brutality and traumatic effects.  Victims’ perspectives, taken holistically, make a compelling case against the death penalty. When it comes to the death penalty, almost everyone loses.  The perspectives of the victims on the death penalty as reflected in this book are likely to provoke tough discussions. This may be a welcome challenge. 

Humanitarian Affairs


Follow-up to World Humanitarian Summit
Secretary-General Report in English, French & Spanish:  
The Secretary-General presented his follow-up to the World Humanitarian Summit at the high-level event "Beyond the World Humanitarian Summit: Advancing the Agenda for Humanity" (22 September 2016). He launched his new report on the outcomes of the World Humanitarian Summit, as well as PACT - the Platform for Action, Commitments and Transformation. The brand-new platform displays the commitments and initiatives made at the World Humanitarian Summit and lets you search and browse through them to see who committed to do what.

missingoutMissing Out: Refugee Education in Crisis (UNHCR)  
This report tells the stories of some of the world’s six million refugee children and adolescents under UNHCR’s mandate who are of primary and secondary school-going age between 5 and 17. In addition, it looks at the educational aspirations of refugee youth eager to continue learning after secondary education. Education data on refugee enrolments and population numbers is drawn from UNHCR’s population data base, reporting tools and education surveys. The data refers to the 2015-16 school year. The report also references global enrolment data from the UNESCO Institute for Statistics referring to 2014.     

Provisional Guidance Note: Humanitarian Country Team Protection Strategy (UNHCR)
protectionstrategyThe aim of this guidance is to assist humanitarian Coordinators (HCs) and HCTs to develop a comprehensive and humanitarian system-wide protection strategy in a manner that is light and enhances the effectiveness and performance of country-level humanitarian responses. This guidance is deliberately flexible so that HCs and HCTs can design a process for strategy development that is conducive to the operational context as well as to the capacities and coordination mechanisms that are in place at country level. The main purpose of an HCT protection strategy is to mobilize a comprehensive, system-wide and multisector effort to prevent or respond to the most serious protection risks facing affected populations as well as to prevent and stop recurrences of violations.

UN News Focus: Haiti
“The United Nations is mobilizing across all fronts to support the people, the Government and local groups such as the Red Cross in getting recovery under way as quickly as possible. I call on the international community to show solidarity and generosity - and to work together effectively in responding to this emergency.”
UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in an encounter with the press, 10 Oct '16