Monday, 18 January 2021

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Refugees in Europe: Past and Present

© UNICEF/UNI197652/Gilbertson VII

06.01.2016 - Seven decades after the Second World War, refugees continue to flee the conflict to seek safety outside their country. 

The humanitarian work of UNICEF began in the wake of World War II. By the mid-1950s, millions of children receive assistance. Seventy years later, the number of refugees and migrants who enter Europe has reached a level not seen since the World War II. Currently, nearly a quarter of all refugees are children and the number of unaccompanied minors seeking asylum is increasing.

© UNICEF/UN04764/Gilbertson VII

Greece, 1949: Children in a makeshift shelter. In 2015, a refugee girl, wrapped in a big blanket to keep out the cold, in front of a tent at the reception center for refugees and migrants in Gevgelija in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Many children fleeing the country, needing attention and protection.

© UNICEF/UN04767/Gilbertson VII

Italy, around 1945: Two children sleep on a wooden bed in the middle of a street. In 2015, two refugees, one adult and one child, are sleeping in the open in an improvised bed in a transit center in Croatia. 

© UNICEF/UN04765/Gilbertson VII

Italy, 1949: A girl smiles when taking his measurements for a new dress at the Institute Santa Genoveva, an orphanage in Naples. In 2015, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Syrian refugees, Afghan and Iraqi, collect warm clothing for winter, distributed in Tabanovce. 

© UNICEF/UN04766/Gilbertson VII

 Greece, around 1945: Families occupy small spaces in a center for refugees. In 2015, a refugee reception center in Berlin-Tempelhof airport, used during the Airlift in 1948, is home to 2000 refugees.  

© UNICEF/UN04762/Georgiev

Albania, around 1945: A young boy carrying a crying child in a refugee camp in Kavaja. In 2015, a child is crying near Gevgelija in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Because of the uncertain long journey, children are scared and vulnerable. 

© UNICEF/UN04763/Gilbertson VII

Greece, 1950: A boy wearing socks, maintained by a string, and men's shoes that are way too big for him. In 2015, Jamal Majati tied the laces of his son Basher, in the "Friends of Children" space, organized by UNICEF in Gevgelija. The family, who fled the conflict in Syria, stopped to change clothes. 

© UNICEF/UN04768/Gilbertson VII

Greece, circa 1946: Girls look through the window of a school where a hospital was installed. In 2015, a small child and an adult are stranded behind a wire fence in Gevgelija in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the main entry point of the country. 

© UNICEF/UN04774/Gilbertson VI

Greece, circa 1946: Children who became orphans because of the war, are waiting in a truck that will take them to their adoptive families. In 2015, a boy trying to sleep on a crowded train, at the Serbian border. 

© UNICEF/UN04773/Gilbertson VII

Greece to 1950: Girls receiving food. Greece has both benefited from the help of UNICEF and was instrumental in helping the Palestinian refugees. In 2015, a volunteer aid worker protects refugee children, who are eating a banana, and have newly arrived in Greece, with an emergency coverage. 

© UNICEF/UN04778/Gilbertson VII

Germany, circa 1946: A refugee girl, wrapped in blankets, is waiting to continue his journey to return home. In 2015, a refugee boy sits on his suitcase in a reception center in Preševo. He will continue his trip after receiving his travel documents.

© UNICEF/UN04771/Georgiev

Greece, around 1955: A young refugee reads a book. In 2015, children are doing drawings in space Friends of Children organized by UNICEF in Serbia. The space is equipped with educational materials and toys for children who go through Preševo ​​and are exhausted because of long trips.

© UNICEF/UN04769/Georgiev

Poland, 1946: a refugee family sits on their personal belongings during their trip to a farm that awaits them in the region of Lower Silesia. In 2015, a boy wrapped in a blanket, sits next to a railway track in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, which leads to Serbia.

© UNICEF/UN04770/Georgiev

Greece, circa 1946: Refugee girls eat a piece of 'halva', feeding on a mixture of wheat flour, olive oil or margarine and sugar. In 2015, a refugee child eats in the middle of a railroad track in Gevgelija on the border of Greece.

© UNICEF/UN04772/Georgiev

Yugoslavia, circa 1945: An aid worker conducting a nutrition survey by interviewing a family at an outdoor kitchen installed in the village of Lika, heavily damaged by the war. In 2015, Gevgelija in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, a UNICEF interpreter dry the tears of a little girl in tears.

© UNICEF/UN04775/Gilbertson VII

Hungary, around 1945: Children in front of a hospital, whose stocks of clothes and slippers are almost exhausted -their feet wrapped in rags. Serbia 2015: the "Friends of Children" space organized by UNICEF, women warm the feet of their children near a stove.

© UNICEF/UN04776/Gilbertson VII

Albania, 1945: A woman with her child at the entrance of a camp for displaced people in Kavaja. In 2015, Fatima Marge holds her child 18 months, Hassan, in his arms beside her husband Ali, in a tent at a temporary camp near Idomeni Greece.

© UNICEF/UN04777/Gilbertson VI

 Italy, 1950: Children with disabilities play football. In 2015, teenagers play football in a reception center for refugees and migrants in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Children need access to safe spaces where they can rest and receive emotional support.


Photo Credits

  • UNICEF / Gilbertson VII
  • UNICEF / Georgiev


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